Landscape dynamics revealed by luminescence signals of feldspars from fluvial terraces

Skip to Main Content. Skip to Search Box. Skip to Top Navigation Bar. Skip to Left Navigation Bar. Skip to Organizational Offices. Skip to Bottom Navigation. This study differs from previous work in the southeastern Atlantic Coastal Plain in that numerical age estimates are provided for all terraces in the valley of mappable extent by direct dating of fluvial sediments. The Little River valley contains a floodplain and five fluvial terraces with average heights above modern river bed level that range from 3. Dating indicates the floodplain has a late Holocene 1.


Climate and tectonics effect the fluvial evolution of the Mediterranean Mut basin. These river terraces records tectonic uplift in the Mut basin. Optically stimulated luminescence OSL dating of the fluvial sediments of the youngest terrace T16 provides a chronology for the assessment of the important impacts of climatic changes. The ages from the youngest river terrace deposits in T16 may be subdivided into two intervals: 1 The differences in climate-driven fluvial evolution between this Mediterranean fluvial system and the classical, well-studied temperate-periglacial river systems in Europe may be the result of different vegetation cover and greater thaw of more intense snowfalls.

N2 – Climate and tectonics effect the fluvial evolution of the Mediterranean Mut basin.

Deciphering fluvial landscape evolution by luminescence dating of river terrace formation: a case study from Northern Bavaria, Germany.

Jonathan L. Garber , College of William and Mary. I determined ages and on fluvial terraces of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River, Virginia, obtained from depth profiles of in situ 10Be. These dates represent the first numerically constrained ages on fluvial terraces in the Shenandoah system, and allow us to assess the timing of perturbations to the river system and to estimate longterm river incision rates.

I sampled three terrace treads near Lynnwood, Virginia, originally identified in mapping completed by King and Bell King suggested a Pleistocene age for the higher terraces, but the terraces are otherwise undated. To estimate terrace age corrected for inherited 10Be, A MATLAB script iteratively solved for age and inheritance through a least squares fit of modeled 10Be concentration profiles to measured profiles on each terrace. T3 showed an exponential profile, which yielded minimum age of kyr and inheritance of 4.

The maximum age and terrace erosion rate was kyr and 4.

Dating fluvial terraces with and profiles: application to the Wind River, Wyoming

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Keywords: terrace strath and tread ages; luminescence dating; deposition rate; age-depth model;. Yellow River terrace. 1. Introduction. Fluvial.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Repka and R. Anderson and R. Repka , R. Anderson , R. Finkel Published Geology. Absolute dating of river terraces can yield long-term incision rates, clarify the role of climate in setting times of aggradation and incision, and establish the rates of pedogenic processes. While surface exposure dating using cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al would seem to be an ideal dating method, the surfaces are composed of individual clasts, each with its own complex history of exposure and burial.

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Single-grain OSL dating of fluvial terraces in the upper Hunter catchment, southeastern Australia

GSA Bulletin ; 95 12 : — Analysis of fault and fluvial terrace scarps in the West Yellowstone Basin south of Hebgen Lake, Montana, indicates that, during degradation, the gradient of the scarp face and the curvatures of the basal concavity and crestal convexity of the scarp face decrease become more rounded with time. The pattern of degradation is identical with that predicted by a simple analytical model for degradation by creep, in which the change in elevation at a point on a hillslope is proportional to the curvature of the profile at that point.

The model therefore provides the basis for morphologic dating, a technique for determining the age of a scarp by the extent to which its initial morphology has been degraded.

The Boa Vista unit is a fluvial terrace elevated and OSL methods to dating deposits from Paranavaí.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. A chronological framework for these terraces is established here by integrating geomorphological, stratigraphical and archaeological information with ages from luminescence dating. These values indicate that the duration and rate of both aggradation and river downcutting episodes were variable.

There is widespread evidence for neotectonic activity in this intraplate region. Neither eustatic nor climatic changes during the Quaternary provide clear trends that might explain the observed pattern of valley incision, thus we conclude that this tectonic activity is the most likely driving mechanism. This long-term incision was probably determined by an increase in the relative uplift rate, resulting from the intensification of intraplate compressive stress.

Terrace formation was also promoted by soft bedrock Tertiary arkoses and by impoundment of alluvium behind resistant barriers crossed by the river. Geomorphological evidence for terrace tectonic offset was also supported by luminescence dating. Page view s Download s 20 1, Google Scholar TM Check. Cunha, Pedro P.

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Dating fluvial terraces has long been a challenge for geologists and geomorphologists, because terrace straths and treads are not usually directly dated. In this study, the formation ages of the Yellow River terraces in the Baode area in China were determined by dating fluvial deposits overlying bedrock straths using optically stimulated luminescence OSL dating techniques. Seven terraces from the lowest terrace T1 to the highest terrace T7 in the study area were recognized, and they are characterized by thick fluvial terrace deposits overlaid by loess sediments.

Twenty-five samples from nine terrace sections were dated to about ka. The OSL ages ka of the fluvial samples from higher terraces T3-T6 seem to be reliable based on their luminescence properties and stratigraphic consistency, but the geomorphologic and stratigraphic evidence show that these ages should be underestimated, because they are generally similar to those of the samples from the lower terrace T2. The formation ages of the terrace straths and treads for the T1 terrace were deduced to be about 44 ka and 36 ka, respectively, based on the deposition rates of the fluvial terrace deposits, and the T2 terrace has the same strath and tread formation age of about ka.

Here, we use feldspar single-grain post-infrared IR stimulation (pIRIR) dating to show that recent (

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Luminescence signals of quartz and feldspar minerals are widely used to determine the burial age of Quaternary sediments. Although luminescence signals bleach rapidly with sunlight exposure, incomplete bleaching may affect luminescence ages, in particular in fluvial settings where an unbleached remnant signal is commonly encountered in modern alluvium.

We relate this pattern to the rapid reinstatement of steady-state incision following the formation of a major, climate-driven, aggradation terrace, causing a phase of accelerated incision. In addition, we show systematic variations in the proportion of unbleached grains in the fluvial sediments over time, mirroring incision rate at the time of deposition.

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Long term fluvial incision spanning the Late Cenozoic is recorded in many fluvial systems around the world by terrace landform sequences. The incision manifests itself as inset sequences of river terraces which form terrace staircases. The timing of the onset of incision and the rate incision then proceeds at is poorly constrained due to the difficulties in dating river terraces.

This study applies the technique of cosmogenic exposure dating to a fluvial staircase, for the first time, in the Sorbas Basin, SE Spain. Cosmogenic exposure dating allows the timing of abandonment of the fluvial terraces to be calculated therefore recording periods of incision. Cosmogenic exposure dating and the profile method offer a viable way to date Early and Middle Pleistocene terrace deposits.

However, the mm/yr rate is consistent with OSL and radiocarbon dates reported from terraces in the adjacent Pee Dee River valley. Together, these data​.

Cohen, Kirstie Fryirs. Fluvial terraces in the upper Hunter catchment, southeastern Australia provide a long-term record of river activity in response to climate change in the late Quaternary. Single-grain optically stimulated luminescence OSL dating of quartz was applied in this study to investigate the timing of the formation of three fluvial terraces in the upper Hunter catchment. A detailed examination of luminescence properties of individual quartz grains revealed some correlation between their OSL decay rates, intrinsic brightness and dose saturation characteristics.

Some quartz grains containing a higher proportion of non-fast components exhibit low brightness in OSL signals and high dose saturation levels. Some grains with slow OSL decays pass the standard rejection criteria, but are likely to yield underestimated equivalent doses D e s because of a higher contribution of non-fast components, which are shown to have low thermal stability. Different rejection criteria, including the fast ratio, the dose saturation level and the OSL sensitivity criteria, were tested on the single-grain D e results.

Luminescence Chronology of Terrace Development in the Upper Paraná River, Southeast Brazil

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI:

Dating these fluvial terraces by OSL provides the burial ages of the sediments Young fluvial terraces generally provide high incision rates (7 – 11 mm/a).

In: Quaternaire , vol. Fluvial Archives Group. Clermond-Ferrant Since the ‘s, the improvement of the Electron Spin Resonance ESR method and its application to the dating of bleached quartz extracted from sediments currently allow to provide geochronological data on Pleistocene fluvial deposits and associated archaeological sites. The ESR dating of quartz may hence improve our knowledge on Quaternary chronostratigraphy, especially in case of azoic deposits, when classical methods can’t be applied.

The ESR method is based on the behaviour of aluminium-center in quartz exposed to solar light and ionizing radiations. This center can be optically bleached during the fluvial transport but, as this bleaching is incomplete, a residual dose must be determined and used for the age calculation. After a short description of the general principle of the ESR dating, the methodological basis and analytical procedures corresponding to the quartz are detailed, then the potential of the ESR method is demonstrated through the presentation of the results obtained from the study of the fluvial terraces of the Creuse and Yonne valleys France.

Quaternaire, 15, , , p The Plio-Pleistocene fluvial terraces systems represent mental and archaeological evolutions can be replaced,. The dating of such alluvial ments provides geochronological data on Pleistocene. The method can be applied on aeo- lian, littoral and fluvial sediments in which quartz have been exposed to solar light during the transport phase, before the final burial.

After a brief survey of the ESR method and of its application to the dating of bleached quartz, this paper illustrates the potential of ESR method through some examples concerning Pleistocene fluvial systems of Northern France.

River terraces (tectonic–climatic interaction) – Video Learning – 276